You brandish the weapon used in the spell’s casting and make a melee attack with it against one creature within 5 feet of you. On a hit, the target suffers the weapon attack’s normal effects and then becomes sheathed in booming energy until the start of your next turn. If the target willingly moves 5 feet or more before then, the target takes 1d8 thunder damage, and the spell ends.

This spell’s damage increases when you reach certain levels. At 5th level, the melee attack deals an extra 1d8 thunder damage to the target on a hit, and the damage the target takes for moving increases to 2d8. Both damage rolls increase by 1d8 at 11th level (2d8 and 3d8) and again at 17th level (3d8 and 4d8).

Casting Time: 1 action
Range: Self (5-foot radius)
Components: S, M (a melee weapon worth at least 1 sp)
Duration: Instantaneous
School: Evocation cantrip

Who can cast Booming Blade? Sorcerers, Warlocks, Wizards, and Artificers have Booming Blade on their class spell lists.

Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything, pg. 106

Booming Blade 5e

DnD 5e’s Booming Blade has been the talk of the town since its initial release in the Sword Coast Adventurer’s Guide. While it was eventually tweaked to be slightly less powerful for its final form in Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything, it’s still a wonderful choice with all sorts of fun applications.

It’s also the source of much player and DM misunderstanding, so let’s try to clear that up while also covering just what makes Booming Blade such an enticing cantrip for some characters in 5e.

How Does Booming Blade Work in 5e?

Booming Blade is a spell that requires the caster to make a normal melee attack that functions just like a normal melee attack at first. But if the caster lands their hit, the target is “sheathed in booming energy” (totally easy to conceptualize, right?), which causes them to take 1d8 (4.5 average) thunder damage if they voluntarily move before the caster’s next turn.

At levels 4 and under, the target only takes normal melee attack damage from whatever weapon the caster used (resolving the attack as normal) and only suffers thunder damage if it decides to move. At levels 5 and above, Booming Blade also deals instantaneous thunder damage if the attack lands.

Now let’s turn to the many, many misunderstandings about how Booming Blade works.

rogue casting booming blade in dnd

What Are the Rules for Booming Blade in 5e?

The rules for Booming Blade in DnD 5e are as follows:

  • Booming Blade works with the War Caster feat. This Sage Advice thread confirms that the War Caster feat’s third bullet (using spells as opportunity attacks) works with Booming Blade. So if an opponent triggers an opportunity attack, you can smack them with Booming Blade and force them to decide whether to continue moving (and taking Booming Blade’s damage) or stop moving (more on this in the rules later).

  • Standing from prone does not trigger Booming Blade damage. While standing up from being prone costs half of a creature’s movement (PHB 190), the creature doesn’t actually move anywhere. Thus, it doesn’t trigger Booming Blade — here’s Sage Advice confirmation.

  • Booming Blade cannot be used with Reach weapons to attack targets more than 5 feet away. Because Booming Blade’s range is limited to 5 feet, it cannot work with reach weapons like a whip or polearm to attack from 10 feet away. Here’s Sage Advice confirmation.

  • Booming Blade cannot be used with the Spell Sniper feat. Since the spell description of Booming Blade clearly indicates that the target creature must be “within 5 feet of you,” it is not eligible for the Spell Sniper feat, which doubles the range of spells with attack rolls (PHB 170).

  • A creature must move voluntarily to take Booming Blade’s secondary damage. So spells like Thunderwave or even Dissonant Whispers that force movement won’t trigger Booming Blade.

  • You can use a two-handed weapon with Booming Blade. The material component section of the rules reads that “a spellcaster must have a hand free to access a spell’s material components — or to hold a spellcasting focus — but it can be the same hand that he or she uses to perform somatic components.” (PHB 203).

    Since Booming Blade’s somatic element is the weapon itself, you’re fine to use it with a two-handed weapon — no free hand necessary.

  • You can’t take an Extra Attack after casting Booming Blade. The Sage Advice Compendium confirmed that because Booming Blade is a “Cast a Spell action, not the Attack action.”

  • You can’t use two-weapon fighting’s bonus action attack with Booming Blade. Two-weapon fighting requires that you “take the Attack action and attack with a light weapon,” but since Booming Blade isn’t the Attack action, casting it does not make a creature eligible to use two-weapon fighting’s bonus attack action with their “off-hand” weapon.

  • You use your normal weapon attack and damage modifiers for Booming Blade, not spellcasting modifiers. So you’ll use Strength or Dexterity, since it’s a normal melee attack, not a melee spell attack. This was confirmed in the Sage Advice Compendium.

  • Booming Blade doesn’t make any extra noise. Spells only do what they say — while spells like Thunderwave clearly indicate that they’re audible from a distance, Booming Blade has no such descriptor.

    Therefore, casting Booming Blade is just as loud as a normal melee attack.

  • Pact of the Blade does work with Booming Blade. This Sage Advice thread confirms that the weapon conjured by Warlock’s Pact of the Blade feature “has the value in chapter 5 of the Player’s Handbook,” thus making it eligible for Booming Blade.

  • Shadow Blade works with Booming Blade. Even though Shadow Blade doesn’t have a monetary value, it’s fine to work with Booming Blade.

  • You can’t stack multiple Booming Blade spells on the same creature. Because “the effects of the same spell cast multiple times don’t combine (PHB 205).

  • Booming Blade can trigger Rogues’ Sneak Attack attack. As long as the Rogue fulfills normal Sneak Attack requirements (they’re using a finesse or ranged weapon and have advantage on the attack roll or have an un-incapacitated ally within 5 feet of the enemy) (PHB 96). This was confirmed in the Sage Advice Compendium.

  • You cannot use the Twinned Spell metamagic with Booming Blade. Twinned Spell specifies “doesn’t have a range of self,” which Booming Blade does (PHB 102).

  • A creature targeted by an opportunity attack Booming Blade can stop moving. This Sage Advice thread confirms that a creature can decide to stop moving after being targeted by an opportunity attack. So using the War Caster feat in conjunction with Booming Blade doesn’t guarantee that its movement-based damage will land.

  • Booming Blade only deals magical damage on the initial strike if the weapon used for the attack is magical. Sage Advice confirmation. However, at levels 5+, the on-hit thunder damage does apply as magical damage (but not the weapon attack itself).

  • There is no rule guiding whether creatures affected by Booming Blade “know” they are affected by Booming Blade. This is up to DM discretion. Of course, players will know when they’re targeted by Booming Blade so long as the DM tells them or they understand the way the effect is described.

dwarf caster casting booming blade 5e

How to Use Booming Blade in 5e

Here are a few ways to make the most of the Booming Blade cantrip:

  1. Get the Mobile feat. The Mobile feat’s third bullet point allows a player to move away from a creature they’ve attacked this turn without provoking opportunity attacks (PHB 168). If you use Booming Blade and run away from an enemy, they’ll have to decide whether to chase you and take damage or stay put and do nothing with their turn (if they’re melee-only).

    Additionally, the Swashbuckler Rogue has the Fancy Footwork feature, which essentially grants the important part of the Mobile feat (SCAG 135).

  2. Pair with spells that cause hazardous areas. Spells like Spirit Guardians work really well with Booming Blade for the same reason as the Mobile feat — an enemy has to decide whether to move and take Booming Blade damage or stay put and take damage from another source.

    This sort of “rock-and-a-hard-place” utility is where Booming Blade really shines.

  3. Pair with martial classes. A great thing about Booming Blade is that it doesn’t rely on any spellcasting modifiers at all, making it a great candidate for a martial class. Picking it up as a multiclass dip, via Eldritch Knight/Arcane Trickster Rogue spells, or from the Magic Initiate feat are all common options.

    It’s not always better than using an Extra Attack (more on that later), but for Rogues especially, this is a powerful cantrip to pick up.

  4. Pair with a Rogue’s Cunning Action to disengage. Continuing from the last point, Booming Blade really shines on Rogues. The Disengage bonus action they get through their Cunning Action class feature is perfectly suited for getting in, using Booming Blade, and getting out scot-free.

    This, again, forces the enemy into a hard choice of pursuing and taking damage or staying put.

  5. Use Booming Blade to lock ranged/spellcaster enemies down. Booming Blade is also good for tanks since it can be used to force enemies to stick close to you (or take damage otherwise — from both Booming Blade and your opportunity attack).

    Beyond that, it’s good on any melee character who is trying to get enemies to stick near them.

  6. Stop someone following you. As a full-caster, this is Booming Blade’s best utility in most cases. Sure, you might take a smack from an opportunity attack on your way out, but at least they’re less likely to follow you.

  7. Be a Bladesinging Wizard. Since Bladesinging Wizards can cast a cantrip as one of their Extra Attacks, Booming Blade is a perfect choice for them (TCoE 77). One potential weakness of Booming Blade is that it can be worse than just using Extra Attack — Bladesinging Wizards say, “why not both?” to this issue.

Who Can I Target With Booming Blade 5e?

You can target one creature within 5 feet (melee range) with Booming Blade. While the range of the spell is listed as Self (5-foot radius), this was mainly done to prevent it from working with the Spell Sniper feat and reach weapons and other, more edge-case rules.

Is Booming Blade 5e a Good Spell?

Yes, Booming Blade is a good spell for the right character build. For Rogues and anyone with the Mobile feat, the ability to force a melee enemy to make a tough decision is incredibly powerful. It almost works like a soft crowd control.

At higher levels, Booming Blade’s initial damage makes it even more attractive. An additional 1d8 thunder damage keeps it competitive with Extra Attack for most character builds. Speaking of which…

Booming Blade 5e Compared to Extra Attack

Many players argue whether it’s better to use Booming Blade or just use an Extra Attack. Luckily, RPGBOT did some great analysis (so I don’t have to :))

What he found is that Booming Blade is better than a single Extra Attack (so not for higher-level Fighters), as long as you get the secondary effects (the target moves on their turn and takes bonus damage).

I recommend reading it for a more thorough rundown of the situations where each option wins out.

Booming Blade 5e DM Tips

First and foremost, I’d like to give my opinion that the ruling that “Shadow Blade does not work with Booming Blade” is silly and should be ignored. The combo does nothing game-breaking and is super cool to use/build a character around, so why prevent it?

We left DMs with another unresolved rule question: Does the creature know it’s “sheathed in booming energy”? My feeling is that since players likely know when they’re affected by Booming Blade, other creatures should too.

But you can have more of a gray area — maybe some stupid and/or non-magic-savvy creatures wouldn’t know enough to be afraid of a little extra static electricity after being hit with a weapon. On the other hand, a knowledgeable spellcasting foe ought to know what’s going on after being smacked with thunderous magical energy.

Ultimately, it’s up to you and whatever makes for satisfying gameplay. A lot of Booming Blade’s power comes from the fact that it forces a difficult decision anyway. So even if you do rule that creatures know they’ll take damage if they move, it doesn’t necessarily make Booming Blade any less tactically useful.

DnD 5e Booming Blade FAQ

Booming Blade DnD 5e FAQ:

  1. Is Booming Blade an Attack action? No, casting Booming Blade requires the Cast a Spell action, not the Attack action. If a feature requires the Attack action, like Extra Attack, Booming Blade doesn’t work with it.

  2. How to get Booming Blade? If Booming Blade isn’t on your class spell list, you have several options: be a High Elf, acquire the Magic Initiate feat, or multiclass into classes like Artificer, Sorcerer, Warlock, or Wizard that have access to the spell.

  3. Can Booming Blade crit? No, Booming Blade doesn’t incorporate its “if the creature moves” damage into the attack roll, so it doesn’t benefit from a critical hit. However, at levels 5+, when Booming Blade also deals on-hit thunder damage, THAT damage CAN critically hit.

  4. Can Booming Blade trigger Sneak Attack? Yes, Booming Blade can trigger Sneak Attack if other Sneak Attack requirements are met, such as using a finesse weapon and having advantage on the attack roll or an ally within 5 feet of the target.

  5. Can Booming Blade be Twinned? No, Booming Blade cannot be Twinned as its range is Self (5-foot radius), not 5 feet..

  6. Can Booming Blade be used with Extra Attack? No, Booming Blade cannot be used with Extra Attack because it requires the Cast a Spell action, not the Attack action. However, it does synergize with features like the War Magic of Eldritch Knights or Bladesinging Wizards’ Extra Attack.

  7. Can Booming Blade be used with Shadow Blade? Yes, Booming Blade can be used with Shadow Blade to enhance the attack, even though Shadow Blade doesn’t have a monetary value.

  8. Does Booming Blade make noise? No, Booming Blade doesn’t produce any noise by itself.

  9. Does Booming Blade use spell modifier? No, Booming Blade uses the regular attack modifier for the weapon you’re using, not a spellcasting modifier.

  10. Can Booming Blade stack? No, spells and effects of the same name cannot stack in 5e, so multiple instances of Booming Blade don’t stack.

  11. Does Booming Blade work with reach weapons? No, the range of Booming Blade is always limited to 5 feet, even with reach weapons.

  12. Does Booming Blade count as a weapon attack? Yes, Booming Blade counts as a weapon attack.

  13. Can you use Booming Blade and Divine Smite? Yes, you can combine Booming Blade with Divine Smite on a successful attack because it’s a melee attack with a weapon.

  14. Does Booming Blade work with War Caster? Yes, Booming Blade can be cast as an opportunity attack using the War Caster feat. The creature can still choose not to move after the opportunity attack (and Booming Blade) hit, though.

  15. Can you use Booming Blade with an unarmed strike? No, Booming Blade requires a weapon to cast.

  16. Is Booming Blade affected by Spell Sniper? No, Spell Sniper doesn’t affect Booming Blade, because it has a range of Self (5-foot radius) instead of 5 feet.

  17. Can Booming Blade be Quickened? Yes, Booming Blade can be Quickened to cast as a bonus action.

  18. Does teleporting trigger Booming Blade damage? No, Booming Blade damage isn’t triggered by teleportation or movement that doesn’t use the creature’s movement.

Simple Booming Blade 5e Spell Text

Booming Blade: (Evocation cantrip, Self (5-foot radius), S/M (a melee weapon worth at least 1 sp) Make a melee attack one creature in range with the weapon you use to cast this spell. On hit, target takes 1d8 additional thunder damage if it willingly moves before your next turn. | At 5th level, the melee attack deals an extra 1d8 thunder damage to the target on a hit, and the damage the target takes for moving increases to 2d8. +1d8 to both damage rolls at 11th and 17th level.

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